086 Green Roofing: Greening Building Roofs

If you’ve got a green thumb and aren’t prone to vertigo, here’s an original idea that will enable you to earn money while doing your bit for the planet. “Green Roofing” consists of planting different species of vegetation over a large area of a roof, notably to combat urban heat islands and reduce the heat inside the building.

And before we look at this in more detail, note that this article is a complement to the previous one entitled “Cool roofing, cooling buildings through the roof“, whose principle is somewhat similar but which involves painting the roofs white. I invite you to read it as you’ll find lots of useful information on how to put this idea into practice.

What is roof greening?

Rooftop greening, also known as green roofing, is an ingenious method of growing plants, flowers, and even shrubs on the roofs of buildings. This concept goes far beyond simply placing plants on top of a building or a simple matter of aesthetic beauty but rather a multifunctional solution that combines urban planning with nature. By integrating vegetation into high-rise urban spaces, we create an ecosystem that enhances not only the city’s appearance but also its sustainability and quality of life.

This technique transforms concrete roofs into natural oases, but what does it really involve and what benefits does it offer? Because, yes, there are many of them.

  • Enhanced urban biodiversity: By providing a habitat for a variety of plants, insects, and other animals, green roofs enhance urban biodiversity, creating a balance between the artificial (man-made) and natural environments.
  • Natural thermal insulation: Plants on roofs act as a natural barrier against temperature fluctuations, helping to keep buildings cool in summer and warm in winter, which can reduce energy costs associated with the use of air conditioning and heating.
  • Rainwater management: Green roofs absorb a portion of rainwater, reducing the risk of urban flooding and relieving the strain on municipal drainage systems.
  • Improved air quality: Plants absorb atmospheric pollutants and emit oxygen, helping to purify the air and create healthier spaces for city dwellers.
  • Sound insulation: Layers of vegetation on roofs can attenuate noise from outside, providing a more peaceful environment in busy urban areas.
  • Creation of recreational spaces: Vegetated roofs can be developed into gardens, relaxation areas, or even community vegetable gardens, offering city residents a space for recreation and connection with nature.
  • Added property value: Last but not least, buildings with green roofs become more attractive to tenants and buyers, increasing the value of the property.

In short, this technique offers an impressive range of benefits, both for the environment and for urban residents and owners. It embodies a harmonious fusion between modern urbanism and nature, creating thriving urban ecosystems where sustainability and prosperity meet.

Functional layers of a typical extensive green roof Functional layers of a typical extensive green roof. Source

What are the different types of green roofing?

Rooftop greening offers a variety of methods adapted to different needs and constraints. Let’s take a look at the different approaches that shape these high-rise islands of greenery.

  • Extensive roof gardens: These gardens are designed with light layers of substrate and hardy, low-maintenance plants. They offer a beautiful green appearance and improve environmental quality without requiring constant attention.
  • Intensive green roofs: These more closely mimic traditional gardens with a variety of plants, including trees, shrubs, and flowers. This creates spaces for recreation and relaxation for residents but requires more careful management and sophisticated irrigation systems.
  • Colored roofs: These use a variety of colorful plants to create unique patterns and visual designs, adding an artistic dimension to the urban environment.
  • Agricultural roofs: in some cases, green roofs are transformed into spaces for growing fruit, vegetables and herbs, contributing to local food production and raising awareness of urban agriculture.
  • Wild roofs: Rather than cultivating specific plants, these roofs are left to their own rhythm to allow local plants to flourish naturally, thus supporting native biodiversity.
  • Suspended roofs: This approach involves hanging potted green plants or vegetation panels along the outer walls of buildings, adding a unique aesthetic touch to facades.

Each of these types of vegetation offers its own benefits and challenges, allowing owners, designers, and residents to choose the one that best suits their needs and vision of urban space.

How do you get started in this business from scratch?

If you’re already a professional in the field of surface vegetation (e.g. a gardener), you’ll be able to get started fairly quickly since the knowledge you already possess is a solid enough foundation. However, you’ll need to learn all the specifics before you can offer this kind of service.

If, on the other hand, you’re just starting out and have no prior knowledge in this field, the first step is to acquire a solid understanding of roof greening. There are many online resources, such as guides, video tutorials, and blog articles, that will explain the fundamental concepts. Take the time to learn about the types of vegetation systems, plants suited to your region, substrates, and installation techniques.

This learning phase can vary in length, from a few weeks to several months, depending on your own pace of assimilation. Find out more locally, as there may be comprehensive, structured training courses organized by an official or private organization in your area.

Another way to learn is to work directly with industry experts. These hands-on training courses allow you to gain practical experience, learn best practices, and ask questions directly to experienced professionals. Training courses can vary in length, from a few days to several weeks, depending on the level of knowledge you’re looking to achieve. And the best way to find them is to do a localized Google search and get in touch with them directly.

Once you’ve acquired all the knowledge you need to offer a professional quality service, you can start your business and start looking for your first customers. How you set up your business will depend on the country, region, or state where you live, and I’m not going to be able to explain that here, but you should know that a full article on the subject is in preparation.

As for finding customers, start by exploring your region to identify opportunities. Look for buildings where roof greening could bring benefits, such as commercial buildings, residences, or institutions. Attend local architectural, environmental, and urban planning events to network with industry professionals. Networking can help you gain referrals and expand your base of potential clients.

Next, create a solid online presence. Design a professional website showcasing your services, past achievements, and contact information. Use social media to share photos of your projects, informative articles about the benefits of this technique and to interact with your audience. A well-managed online presence can attract the interest and trust of new customers.

You can also establish partnerships with related professionals, such as architects, landscapers, construction companies, and property managers. These collaborators can recommend you to their customers. What’s more, you could provide complementary services to their projects, strengthening your professional relationships and visibility..

Once you have a few successful projects under your belt, solicit testimonials from satisfied customers. This positive feedback can be posted on your website and marketing materials to reinforce your credibility. Referrals from satisfied customers are also a powerful way of attracting new customers as they build trust and social proof.

And when you identify a potential customer, take the time to understand their specific needs. Develop personalized proposals that highlight the benefits of your services specifically for them.

Finally, keep an eye out for public tenders and projects that require these kinds of services. Participating in these opportunities can help you grow your business and gain visibility in your field. Be sure to submit professional, competitive proposals to increase your chances of success.

Then, as your business starts to take off, remember to keep abreast of the latest trends and technological developments to stay efficient and competitive. You can do this by attending events, conferences, and trade shows related to architecture, the environment, and horticulture. You can also subscribe to accounts directly linked to this sector on social networks and to Facebook and LinkedIn groups.

The roof of an apartment building, planted and landscaped. Example of a roof planted and landscaped for residents. Source Unsplash

Investment and profitability

Starting up a roof greening business requires a certain initial investment to cover various aspects. The main costs include the purchase of materials such as substrates, plants, and protective membranes, as well as the tools and equipment needed for installation. You may also need to invest in a vehicle to transport materials and get to the work site. In addition, costs associated with training, certification, and legalization of the business (which vary according to your geographical location) are also to be taken into account.

In addition to the initial investment, you’ll also need to factor in recurring operating costs such as employee salaries, marketing, and advertising costs, administrative expenses, storage, or commercial space rental fees if applicable, as well as expenses related to equipment maintenance and renewal. Accurately estimating these costs will enable you to determine your company’s break-even point.

The pricing of your services will play a major role in the profitability of your business. You’ll need to set competitive prices, while taking into account the above-mentioned costs, in order to generate sufficiently high profits to ensure the long-term viability of your business. But beware: Pricing too low can affect your profitability in the long term while pricing too high can drive potential customers away. A thorough analysis of the market and competitors will help you find the optimum balance.

In addition to costs and profitability, you’ll also need to carry out a risk and opportunity analysis of the roof greening sector in your area. Consider factors such as market demand, seasonality, environmental trends, and local regulations. Also identify potential risks such as fluctuations in the cost of materials and raw materials, climatic challenges, and the level of competition. And, above all, be alert to opportunities such as government incentives and other public assistance linked to improving the energy efficiency of buildings.

A few final tips

Finally, here’s a list of tips and tricks to help you put this business idea into practice.

  • Analysis of compatible roofs: Carry out feasibility studies to identify the buildings and areas where roof greening would be most relevant and beneficial in your region. Then send targeted, attractive offers to the owners and authorities concerned.
  • Ecological integration: Propose designs that include habitats for bees, birds, and beneficial insects. This will promote biodiversity and contribute to the longevity of the site.
  • Growing modules: Develop pre-grown modules to speed up installation, improve quality, and minimize disturbance on the roof. Saving time also means saving money.
  • Educational roofs: Offer solutions for schools and institutions to create educational spaces and raise awareness among various audiences of the environmental benefits of this type of technology.
  • Collaboration with architects: Work in partnership with architects to integrate vegetation at the design stage, simplifying installation and improving aesthetics.
  • Demonstration events: Organize public events for live installation demonstrations to raise awareness and convince potential customers.
  • Multi-purpose roofs: Offer modular designs that combine relaxation areas, vegetable gardens, and leisure spaces. Your customers will appreciate the choice.
  • Technological monitoring: Integrate monitoring sensors to track plant growth and adjust irrigation in real time. On sensitive or experimental sites, install one or more webcams for a permanent visual record, so you can act quickly in the event of a problem.
  • Commercial partnerships: Collaborate with local businesses to offer package deals, attracting a diverse customer base. For example, one part of the roof can be planted with vegetation while another can be painted white to refract the sun’s heat.
  • Educational promotion: Create online educational content (video, blog post, etc.) on the benefits of green roofing, to boost your credibility and attract new customers.
  • Complementary solutions: Innovate by developing solutions adapted to pitched roofs but also to building facades, thus expanding your potential market.
  • Post-installation follow-up: Offer long-term maintenance services to guarantee the durability of your work and secure long-term revenue.


Getting into the roof greening business offers you a rather unique opportunity to combine entrepreneurship and environmental sustainability. By following these practical tips, innovating in design, building strategic partnerships and focusing on education and awareness, you can establish a thriving business while making a positive contribution to the urban environment.

Of course, you’ll have to go through a learning phase, which can take varying lengths of time depending on your level of knowledge of this and other related subjects, but there’s a real market that’s been opening up for some years now, and there’s still plenty of room for newcomers like you, given the colossal amount of exploitable surface area around the world.

Obviously, this article isn’t intended to tell you how to learn this trade, but I hope it’s helped you see things more clearly if you’ve ever thought of embarking on this wonderful adventure. In fact, has it? Feel free to share your thoughts and questions in the comments below. Your opinion counts and could inspire other readers.


Environmental and climate change issues are more than ever at the heart of the concerns of this 21st century, which is why I am proposing a few ideas that will enable you to limit the negative impact that the implementation of this idea could have.

These solutions that I suggest are sometimes largely insufficient to compensate for these negative impacts, such as carbon offsetting. Unfortunately, there is not always an ideal and 100% efficient solution, far from it. And if you have others, please do not hesitate to share them in the comments below.

As I explained at the start of this article, greening the roofs of buildings is definitely a good idea for the environment in many ways. But despite these many advantages, it can also have certain negative impacts, notably linked to the sometimes intensive use of resources such as water but also the use of certain toxic phytosanitary products, as well as emissions linked to the transport of materials. All these factors can add to your company’s carbon footprint, so it’s worth paying close attention.

What’s more, if not properly designed and maintained, green roofs could potentially become invasive habitats for certain undesirable species, disrupting the local ecosystem. Hence the importance of remaining attentive to the smallest details when embarking on any new project.


  • Contributes to urban sustainability by improving air quality, reducing urban heat islands, and promoting biodiversity.
  • Meets the ever-increasing demand for green solutions in urban areas.
  • Targets a wide range of customers, from individuals to businesses and institutions.
  • Can generate stable revenues through installation, maintenance, and consultancy services.
  • Work that makes sense and is of real public benefit.


  • May require significant investment in materials, training, and equipment.
  • Can be seasonal, depending on demand and region, which can affect cash flow.
  • Increasing competition.

Disclaimer, please read this Legal and administrative aspects of the ideas you'll find on Sweekr are rarely discussed because they vary greatly depending on the country you live in. I would advise you to check with your local government before starting any business. Keep in mind that if you make money, the state will ask for "its share" in order to guarantee the proper functioning of schools, hospitals and other public services. Therefore, you will probably have to acquire a micro-entrepreneur status, or any other similar.
Also, be aware that this post may contain affiliate links, and I may get compensated a commission at no extra cost to you if you click on the affiliate links and subsequently make a purchase. This will help maintain the site, so thank you.

This article could be completed or improved with your help. Feel free to leave a comment below if you have any question, a relevant remark, a feedback, additional information or spotted any error.Go to comments


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